The plastic pollution has been one of the determining factors in the extinction of dozens of marine species. The waste plastics take thousands of years to biodegrade and become a risk to species living in the ocean.
More than 700 marine species, including half of the world’s cetaceans, sea turtles, and a third of seabirds, ingest plastic.
The problem is that when this happens, it can block your digestive system and lead to a slow and prolonged death from starvation. Furthermore, the sharp pieces of plastic can also pierce the intestinal wall and cause infection or death.
Approximately eight million tons of plastic enter the ocean each year, so solving the problem, or at least reducing it considerably, must be one of the priorities for the world’s society and governments.
What are the most dangerous wastes?
There are four types of waste that kill the most species in the ocean. Fishing waste, plastic bags, balloons and plastic utensils. For each species the type of garbage that hurts it is different.
Flexible plastics , such as plastic sheets, bags and packaging, can cause intestinal obstruction and were responsible for the highest number of deaths in all groups of animals.
Fishing debris such as nets, lines and gear, caused deaths in larger animals, particularly seals and sea lions.
Balloons , ropes and rubber are a great risk for smaller fauna.
Metal was lethal to birds, with the highest probability of causing death by ingestion.